All the government exams like SSC, Railway, Bank etc asked the question related to the disease. Examinsights have compiled all the necessary information related to disease question which can be asked in any of the gov exams like the name of the bacteria which causes a particular disease, which organ is affected, what are the symptoms etc. It makes the aspirant easy to find and learn the important topics which will be asked in exam and save there precious time.
|Bacteria||Diphtheria, Gonorrhoea, Meningitis, Whooping Cough, Pneumonia, Cholera, Leprosy, Typhoid, Tetanus, Tuberculosis, Plague|
|Virus||Chicken Pox, Small Pox, AIDS, Yellow fever, Influenza, Polio-meritus phlebotomus, Measle, Mumps, Dengue fever, Rabies|
|Protozoans||Malaria, Kala-azar, Leishmaniasis, Sleeping sickness|
|Fungus||Athlete’s foot, Ringworms, Madura foot, Dhobi’s itch|
|Worm||Filariasis, Tapeworm and Hookworm transmission|
Diseases Caused By Bacteria
|S.N.||Disease||Affected Organ||Name of Bacteria||Symptoms|
|1||Diphtheria||Respiratory tube||Corynebacterium diphtheriae||Difficulty In respiration and suffocation|
|2||Gonorrhea||Urinary Path||Neisseria Gonorrhoeae||Swelling in a urinary path|
|3||Cholera||Intestine||Vibrio Cholerae||Continuous stool and vomiting|
|4||Leprosy||Nervous system skin||Mycobacterium leprae||Spots on the body, nervous affected|
|5||Typhoid||Intestine||Salmonella typhi||High fever and headache|
|6||Tetanus||Nervous System||Clostridium Tetani||High fever, spasm in the body, Closing of Jaws etc..|
|7||Tuberculosis||Lungs||Mycobacterium tuberculosis||Repeated coughing|
|8||Plague||Lungs, an area between the two legs||Pasteurella pestis||Very high fever, muscular eruptions on the body|
|9||A whopping cough||Respiratory system||Haemophilus pertussis||Continuous coughing|
|10||Pneumonia||Lungs||Diplococcus pneumonia||High fever, swelling in lungs|
|11||Syphilis||Urinary Path||Treponema pallidum||Wounds In urogenital tract|
Disease caused by Viruses
|S.N.||Disease||Affected Organ||Name of Virus||Symptoms|
|1||Chicken pox||Whole Body||Varicella virus||High fever, radish eruption on body|
|2||Small pox||Whole body||Variola virus||Light fever, an eruption of bile on body|
|3||Measles||Whole body||Paramyxovirus||Radish eruption on body|
|4||AIDS||Defensive system (WBC)||HIV||The immune system of the body became weak|
|5||Polio||Throat, backbone Nerve||Polio virus||Fever, body pain, backbone and intestine cells are destroyed|
|6||Influenza (flu)||Whole body||Myxovirus||Suffocation, sneezing, restlessness|
|7||Hepatitis or Jaundice||Liver||–||Yellow urine, Eyes, and skin become yellow.|
|8||Dengue fever||Whole body, particularly head, eyes and joints||Billions of virus||Pain in the eyes, muscles, head, and joints|
|9||Rabies||Nervous system||Rabies virus||The patient becomes mad with a severe headache and high fever|
|11||Trachoma||Eyes||–||Reddish eyes, pain In eyes|
|12||Goiter||Parathyroid gland||–||Difficulty in opening the mouth with fever|
|13||Herpes||Skin||Herpes||Swelling in skin|
Diseases Caused by Protozoa
|S.N.||Disease||Affected Organ||Parasites||Carrier||Symptoms Mosquito|
|1||Malaria||RBC & Liver||Plasmodium||Female Anopheles||Fever with shivering|
|2||Sleeping sickness||Brain||Trypanosoma||Tse – Tse flies||Fever with severe sleep|
|3||Kala-azar||Bone marrow||Leishmania donovani||Sand Flies||High Fever|
|4||Diarrhea||Intestine||Entamoeba Histolytica||–||Mucus and diarrhea with blood.|
|5||Pyorrhoea||Gums||Entamoeba gingivalis||–||Bleeding from Gums|
Diseases caused by Fungus
|S.N.||Disease||name Of Bacteria||Affected Organ & Symptoms|
|1||Asthma||Aspergillus fumigatus||Aspergillus fumigatus reaches the lungs of the human and constitutes a net-like formation, thus, obstructs the function of lungs. This is an infectious disease.|
|2||Baldness||Tinea capitis||Due to this hair of the head falls.|
|3||Scabies||Acarus Scabies||In this disease, the skin itches and white spots found on the skin.|
|4||Ringworm||Trichophyton Verrucosum||This is an infectious disease. Round red spot found on the skin.|
|5||Athlete`s foot||Tinea Pedis||This is an infectious disease of skin which spreads mainly due to the cracking of feet.|
Disease Caused by Worms
|1||Hook-worm disease||Ancylostoma duodenale, small intestine of man||Filariform larvae passed out in feces||Duodenal ulcer, constipation. Patient pale, swelling of lower eyelids.|
|2||Pinworm disease or Enterobiasis||Enterobius vermicularis||Transmission from one person to another by ingestion of eggs in contaminated food or drink.||Eczematous condition around the anus, bed wetting at night, inflammation of the vermiform appendix.|
|3||Filariasis||Wuchereria Bancrofti||Mosquito larvae become infectious to man,||Elephantiasis|
- Rabies is caused by Virus and it is transmitted by the bite of canines most commonly by Dogs and Monkey.
- Pasteur developed the Anti Rabies Vaccine
- Japanese Encephalitis is caused by JE Virus and it is transmitted by the bite of Mosquito from CulexSpecies.
- Louis Pasteur discovered the vaccine of Rabies and Pasteurization of milk.
- Malaria is caused by Protozoa Plasmodium and it is transmitted by the bite of Female Anopheles Mosquito.
- Dengue is caused by Dengue virus and it is transmitted by the bite of Mosquito Aedes Aegypti which remain active during daytime.
- Chikungunya is caused by CHIKV virus and it is transmitted by the bite of Mosquito from Culex Species.
- The virus is a connecting link between the living and nonliving.
- A virus has either DNA or RNA.
- Ronald Ross (1897) confirmed the Malaria is caused by Malaria parasite and told the mosquito is the carrier of it.